in the picture.  With this special image, the James Webb Space Telescope celebrates its first birthday |  Science and the planet

in the picture. With this special image, the James Webb Space Telescope celebrates its first birthday | Science and the planet

From the cosmic backyard of our solar system to distant galaxies since the dawn of time, NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has delivered on its promise to reveal the universe like never before during its first year as a space telescope. To celebrate, JWST captured an image of a star-forming region in the Rho Ophiuchi cloud complex. Although it could have been just an Impressionist painting.

To celebrate its first anniversary, the James Webb Space Telescope has imaged the star-forming region closest to our planet. The Rho Ophiuchi cloud complex is located barely 390 light-years away. This allowed the space telescope to take a very detailed picture up close. This results in an invisible and beautiful image.

What we’re seeing is an area with about 50 young stars. All with a mass similar to our sun or even smaller. The dark regions are dense cocoons of dust in which protostars are forming, called “star-forming.” In red we see huge jets of hydrogen. They are formed when a star first explodes through its shell born of cosmic dust. It’s a bit like a newborn extending its arms out into the world for the first time. The star in the middle of the yellow dust cloud appears to have carved itself into a kind of cave. S1, as the star is called, is the only star in this image that is more massive than our Sun. Some of the stars in the image show promising shadows. They refer to the protoplanetary disks from which planets can be born.

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Read more below the image.

A new era of scientific discovery has begun with the James Webb Space Telescope. © NASA GSFC / CIL / Adriana Manrique Gutierrez

“In just one year, the James Webb Space Telescope has changed humanity’s view of our universe. For the first time, we have been able to see clouds of dust or see light from the most remote regions of the universe. Each new image is a new discovery, allowing scientists around the world to ask questions and answer On it before, said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. Nicola Fox of NASA’s Science Mission Division also emphasizes this: “In its first birthday, the James Webb Space Telescope has already delivered on its promise to reveal the universe and give humanity a breathtaking treasure trove of images and scientific data that will last for decades. .”

There is no doubt that this project of international cooperation has already had an enormous impact on science and will no doubt continue to do so. “Thousands of engineers, scientists, and leaders have put their passion into this mission, and their efforts will continue to advance our understanding of the origin of the universe — and our place in it.” JWST started a new era of scientific discovery.

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