Watchman The study, published Wednesday, is described as “the largest of its kind”. Previous studies focused mainly on regional and national differences in the number of cancer cases. in the investigation BMJ Oncology It is based on data from 204 countries and focuses on 29 types of cancer.
And the scientists’ conclusion is alarming: between 1990 and 2019, the number of early cancer cases in people under fifty years of age worldwide increased by 79.1 percent. The number of deaths due to cancer increased by 27.7 percent in the same period.
In 1990, there were still 1.82 million cases worldwide. Thirty years later there were 3.26 million. In addition, more than 1 million people under the age of 50 died of cancer in 2019.
According to the researchers, important reasons for the sharp increase are likely to be unhealthy diet, alcohol and tobacco use. They write that encouraging a healthy lifestyle is essential to combat excess.
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And the possibility of an increase of 31 percent in 2030
The researchers predict that the number of cancer cases could rise by another 31% by 2030 if nothing changes in the meantime. Hence, deaths from cancer will rise by 21 percent.
Of all the cancers studied, breast cancer was the most common worldwide in 2019 (13.7 per 100,000 people) and caused the most deaths (3.5 per 100,000 people). The number of cases of prostate and throat cancer rose the fastest between 1990 and 2019.
Most early cases of cancer occurred in North America, Oceania, and Europe. Those three continents also witnessed the highest number of deaths. But residents of low- and middle-income countries often face cancer. In those countries, cancer affects women’s health more than men’s.
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