What is the effect of the “El Niño” weather phenomenon on the Spanish weather?

The Climate Prediction Center (CPC) recently released a dossier warning message Released in El Nino. But what is this weather phenomenon with the Spanish name “El Niño”? Will this weather phenomenon also affect the Spanish weather and will it lead to higher temperatures or the long-awaited rains?

El Niño is a weather phenomenon that occurs in the Pacific Ocean and is associated with abnormally warm sea water at the equator. This phenomenon occurs when normal westward trade winds blowing into the Pacific weaken and move the warm bodies of water that normally surround Indonesia to the east. This causes changes in atmospheric conditions and affects global weather.

El Niño can lead to an exceptional phenomenon weather conditions such as droughts, floods, wildfires, and changes in temperature and precipitation patterns. This phenomenon also affects fisheries, agriculture and biodiversity in different parts of the world. El Niño is part of a larger climate system known as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

The ENSO consists of three phases: the neutral phase, the warm phase called “El Niño” and the cold phase called “La Niña”. These phases vary with a cycle of two to seven years and tend to develop in the period from April to June, peaking in October and February. The phases usually last between 9 and 12 months, but can sometimes last up to 2 years.

El Nino in 2023 and Spain

experts Expect that the neutral phase of ENSO will continue throughout the northern hemisphere spring. On the other hand, there is a 62% to 73% chance that El Niño will develop between May and July. Already in February, the Spanish Meteorological Service AEMET warned of the possible arrival of El Niño and the effects on Spanish weather.

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In Spain, El Niño will bring higher-than-normal temperatures and may also exacerbate droughts in some areas. According to AEMET, El Niño could also lead to a wetter winter in 2023-2024. The exceptionally warm weather and high temperatures in the month of April have nothing to do with El Niño, but can be seen as a harbinger of the arrival and effects of El Niño.

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